LCR Meter with 5 Terminals (Automatic Selection)

This LCR Meter with 5 Terminals (Automatic selection) is designed for evaluating incoming inspection of components, quality control, and laboratory use over a wide range of frequencies from 10 Hz to 300 kHz




GAOTek LCR Meter with 5 Terminals (Automatic selection) is designed for evaluating LCR components, materials, and semiconductor devices over a wide range of frequencies from 10 Hz to 300 kHz and test signal levels from 0.01 Vrms to 2 Vrms. It offers built-in comparator and the comparison/decision results for sorting components gives the output as maximum of ten bins. The sweep function permits entry of up to 10 frequencies or test signal level points to be automatically measured. It complies with standard commands for programmable instruments (SCPI) and fully supported by the RS-232 interface.

Key Features

  • Five terminal measurements
  • TFT- LCD display
  • Test frequencies from 10 Hz to 300 kHz
  • Test signal resolution value is 0.01 V
  • Supports open/short correction function
  • Key lock function
  • Complies with SCPI
  • USB host port option
  • RS-232 interface
  • Comparator function with sorting technique
  • Primary measurement parameter sorted into BIN1-BIN9, AUX, OUT and HI/IN/LO

Technical Specifications

Interface Handler interface, RS232 interface (built-in)
Frequency Range 10 Hz ~ 300 kHz
Test Signal Level 0.01 Vrms ~ 2.00 Vrms
Voltage 0 V/1.5 V/2 V
Accuracy 0.05 %
Display True color TFT-LCD
Display Size 3.5” (89 mm)
Test Function Cs-Rs, Cs-D, Cp-Rp, Cp-D, Lp-Rp, Lp-Q, Ls-Rs, Ls-Q, G-B, Rs-Q, Z-Ɵr, Z-Ɵd
Measurement Speed 30 times/second, 10 times/second, 6 times/second, 3 times/second
Frequency Accuracy 0.02 %
Output Impedance 30 Ω, 50 Ω, 100 Ω
Ranging Auto, Hold and Nominal range

Total 9 ranges

Equivalent Circuit Serial and Parallel
Correction Function OPEN/SHORT/LOAD
Files 10 files (built-in)
Beep Feature OFF/GD/NG and HIGH/LOW tone
Trigger Mode Internal, Manual, External and Bus Trigger
Programming Language SCPI
Power Supply AC 95 V ~ 260 V
Maximum rated power 30 VA
Fuse 3 A Slow-blow
Dimension 10.39 in × 4.21 in × 13.78 in (264 mm × 107 mm × 350 mm)
Weight 8.82 lbs. (4 kg)
Humidity 10 % ~ 90 % RH
Storage Temperature 50 °F to 104 °F (10 °C to 40 °C)
Operating Temperature 59 °F to 95 °F (15 °C to 35 °C)

Front Panel

Front Panel Description:

No Description
1 USB Disk Port (USB-Host)
2 Trigger key
3 Power Switch
4 System Key(include File, System and Key Lock)
5 Soft Key
6 Menu Key
7 UNKNOWN Terminal
8 Entry Key
9 Cursor Key
10 LCD Display

Real Panel

Real Panel Description:

No. Description
1 Frame Terminal
2 Option Slot
3 Power Cable receptacle(Outlet)(to LINE)
4 RS-232 Interface
5 Handler Interface

Measurement Assistance functions:


Up to 10 setup conditions can be written to or read from the built-in non-volatile memory.

Key Lock:

The front panel keys can be locked.


Complies with SCPI


USB host Port

Universal serial bus jack, type-A (4 contact positions, contact 1 is on your left);

Female: Connection to USB memory device

 Power On/Off:

Power on:

Press the power key for 2 seconds and release the key the triggered LED lit.

Power Off:

Press the power key for 2 seconds and release the key the device will shut down.

Warm‐up Time:         

As soon as the power-up sequence has completed the instrument is ready to use. However, to achieve the accurate rating, warm up the instrument for 30 minutes.

Connect to Device under Test (DUT)

The device uses four terminal measurement that provides accurate and stable measurements, avoids mutual inductance, interference from measurement signals, noise and other factors inherent with other types of connections.

  • Do not apply DC voltage or current to the unknown terminals.
  • Applying DC voltage or current may lead to device failure.
  • After the LCR meter has been completely discharged connect the measurement sample (DUT) to the test port (or the text fixture, cables etc. connected to the test port).


Press the [Meas] key, the <MEAS DISPLAY> page appears in the screen.

Set the following measurement controls.

  • FUNC – Measurement Function
  • RANGE – Impedance range
  • FREQ – Test Frequency
  • TRIG – Trigger Mode
  • LEVEL – Test Signal Level
  • SPEED – Meas Speed

Measurement Function [FUNC]:

The LCR meter simultaneously measures four components of the complex impedance (parameters) in a measurement cycle. These include primary parameter, secondary parameter and two monitor parameter.


  • The monitor parameters can be set in <SETUP> page.
  • The monitor parameters are initially set to OFF.

Types of measurement parameters:

Combinations of measurement parameters

Cs-Rs Cs-D Cp-Rp Cp-D
Lp-Rp Lp-Q Ls-Rs Ls-Q
R-Q R-X Z-Ɵr Z- Ɵd

Monitor parameters:

Monitor parameters:

Z D Q  
Ɵr Ɵd R X
G B Y  
Vac Iac    
Δ Δ%    

Measurement and Monitor Parameters:



Cs Capacitance value measured using the series equivalent circuit model
Cp Capacitance value measured using the parallel equivalent circuit model
Ls Inductance value measured using the series equivalent circuit model
Lp Inductance value measured using the parallel equivalent circuit model
Rs Equivalent series resistance measured using the series equivalent circuit model (ESR)
Rp Equivalent parallel resistance measured using the parallel equivalent circuit model
Z Absolute value of impedance
Y Absolute value of admittance
G Conductance
B Sustenance
R Resistance (=Rs)
X Reactance
D Dissipation factor
Q Quality factor(=1/D)
Ɵr Phase radian
Ɵd Phase angle
Vac Test signal Voltage
Iac Test signal Current
Δ Absolute deviation value
Δ% Relative deviation value

Impedance Range [RANGE]      


Function Overview



Auto range Sets the optimum range automatic for the impedance for the DUT Automatic selection of range The measurement time is longer due to the ranging time
Hold range Measurement is performed with a fixed impedance range No ranging time is required Select a proper range depending on the value of the DUT
Nominal Range sets the optimum range depending on the nominal value Automatic selection of range. No ranging time is required


Valid only in the sorting mode

Available impedance range

The hold range has nine impedance ranges: 10 Ω, 30 Ω, 100 Ω, 300 Ω, 1 kΩ, 3 kΩ, 10 kΩ, 30 kΩ and 100 kΩ. The impedance range is selected according to the DUT’s impedance even if the measurement parameter is capacitance or inductance.

Range No.

Impedance range

Effective measurement range

8 10 Ω 0 – 10 Ω
7 30 Ω 10 Ω – 100 Ω
6 100 Ω 100 Ω – 316 Ω
5 300 Ω 316 Ω – 1 kΩ
4 1 kΩ 1 kΩ- 3.16 kΩ
3 3 kΩ 3.16 kΩ – 10 kΩ
2 10 kΩ 10 kΩ – 31.6 kΩ
1 30 kΩ 31.6 kΩ – 100 kΩ (∞)
0 100 kΩ 100 kΩ (-∞)

Frequency Range:

Testing Frequency [FREQ]

10 Hz ~ 300 kHz

Frequency Range (F) Resolution
10.0000 Hz ≤ F ≤ 99.9999 Hz 0.0001 Hz
100.0000 Hz ≤ F ≤ 999.999 Hz 0.001 Hz
1.00000 kHz ≤ F ≤ 9.999999 kHz 0.01 Hz
10.0000 kHz ≤ F ≤ 99.9999 kHz 0.1 Hz
100.000 kHz ≤ F ≤ 300.000 kHz 1 Hz

Comparator Function ON/OFF:

Built-in comparator can sort devices into a maximum of 10 bins (BIN1 to BIN9 and OUT) using a maximum of nine pairs of primary parameter limits and one pair of secondary parameter limits.  The device which is primary parameter is within limits, but is not in secondary parameter can be sorted into an auxiliary BIN (AUX).

Comparator workflow:


To open the <LIST SWEEP SETUP> page press the [Setup] key and [LIST SETUP] soft key. This LCR meter can perform automatic sweep measurement by sweeping the frequency and the signal level through a maximum of 10 sweep points.

Following information can be configured in the < <LIST SWEEP SETUP> page.

  • Sweep trigger mode [TRIG]
  • Sweep parameter selection [FREQ [Hz], LEVEL [V]]
  • Limit parameter selection [LMT]
  • Lower and upper limits [LOW] [HIGH]

Trig Mode


INT Internal Trigger. All ten sweep points are swept continuously.
MAN Manual Trigger. Each time the instrument is triggered by [Trig] key, the sweep points are swept one by one.
EXT External Trigger. Each time the instrument is triggered by the handler trigger pin, the sweep points are swept one by one.
BUS BUS Trigger. Each time the instrument is triggered by SCPI command, the sweep points are swept one by one.

<SYSTEM CONFIG> Page      

When press the [Meas] or [Setup] key followed by [SYSTEM] bottom soft key, the <SYSTEM CONFIG> page appears.

Following information can be configured in the <SYSTEM CONFIG> page.

  • System date and time configuration [DATE/TIME]
  • Account settings [ACCOUNT]
  • Beep setting [BEEP]
  • Beep tone[TONE]
  • RS-232 Baud rate setting [BAUD]

Handler Interface     

 This section provides information of micro ohmmeter built-in handler interface. Include:

  • Pin Assignment
  • Circuit Diagram
  • Timing Chart

Built-in handler interface outputs signals that indicate the end of a measurement cycle, the result of bin sorting by the comparator. In addition, the instrument accepts input of external trigger. To view the signals easily integrate this instrument with a component handler or system controller. This means it can be fully automated the tasks component inspection, component sorting, and processing of quality management data for higher manufacturing efficiency

Pin Assignment

Description of Handler Interface Signals:

Pin Signal Direction Overview
1 /BIN1 Output Result of sorting is based on Open-collector.

If EX-V2 signal was connected with EX-VCC, a built-in 5kΩ pull-up resistance is used.


2 /BIN2 Output
3 /BIN3 Output
4 /BIN4 Output
5 /BIN5 Output
6 /BIN6 Output
7 /BIN7 Output
8 /BIN8 Output
9 /BIN9 Output
10 /OUT Output
11 /AUX Output
12 Trig-8V Input An external trigger signal for 8V EX-VCC. The pin is connected when EX-VCC = 5 V ~ 8V.
13 Trig-24V Input An external trigger signal for 24 V EX-VCC. The pin is connected  when EX-VCC=8 V ~ 24 V
14 EX-V2 Power External DC Voltage.
15     The power of built-in 5kΩ pull-up resistance of the output signals.
19 /PHI Output “Primary parameter beyond upper limit” signal. Output of this signal is generated when the primary parameter exceeded the upper limit for bins 1 to 9.
20 /PLO Output “Primary parameter below lower limit” signal. Output of this signal is generated when the primary parameter is below the lower limit for bins 1 to 9.
21 /SREJ Output “Secondary parameter out of limits” signal. Output of this signal is generated when the secondary parameter is out the limits.
27 EX-VCC Power External DC Voltage. Supplies voltage for DC isolation input signal (/TRIG8V, /TRIG24V)
28 EX-V1 Power External DC Voltage. Supplies voltage for IDX and EOM signal pull-up resistance.
30 /IDX Output “End of analog measurement” signal. Output of this signal is generated when analog measurement is complete. This means that once the handler has received this signal, the next DUT can be connected to the UNKNOWN terminal. However, measurement data are not available until the /EOM signal is output.
31 /EOM Output “End of measurement cycle” signal. When the output of this signal is generated, the measurement data and sorting results are available
32 EX-COM2 Power Common signals for external DC current EX-V2


EX-COM Power Common signal for external DC current EX-VCC


EX-COM1 Power Common signals for external DC current EX-V1.

Power Rating:

  Input/output device Logic Electrical requirements
OUTPUT Connector out with pull-up resistance Negative logic 35 VDC

50 mADC max

INPUT Rising-edge 50 mADC max
EXT.DCV DC voltage input   35 VDC max

Electrical Characteristics:

Input Signal:

  • Each input signal is connected to the LED (cathode side) of the photo-coupler.
  • The LED (anode side) is connected to the pull-up power supply voltage.

Output Signal:

  • Each output signal is generated via an open collector by using a photo-coupler.
  • The voltage of each output is obtained by connecting pull-up resistors, inside or outside of the device.

Power Supply

Power supply can be selected from external power supply +3.3 V to +3.5 V.


Typical Circuit Diagram of Handler Interface Input Signals:

Typical Circuit Diagram of Handler Interface Output Signals:

Timing chart:


Basic Measurement procedure:

The following flow chart shows the basic procedures used to measure the impedance of capacitors, inductors, resistors, and other components.

Remote Control:

About RS-232C

Connect the controller i.e.) PC and PLC to the RS-232 interface using RS-232 DB-9 cable. The serial port uses the transmitter, receiver and signal ground lines with RS-232 standard. It does not use the hardware handshaking lines CTS and RTS.


  • Use only DB-9 cable
  • Cable length should not exceed 2 m.

RS-232 connector in the real panel

RS-232 connector pinout:

DCD 8 1 No connection
RXD 3 2 Transmit data
TXD 2 3 Receive data
DTR 20 4 No connection
GND 7 5 Ground
DSR 6 6 No connection
RTS 4 7 No connection
CTS 5 8 No connection

About USB-Serial Interface (OPTION)

The USB-Serial Interface allows you to connect LCR meter to a USB port on your PC.

To Select Baud Rate:     

Before controlling the LCR meter by issuing RS-232 commands from built-in RS-232 controller connected via DB-9 connector, configure the RS-232 baud rate.

This instrument’s built-in RS-232 interface uses the SCPI language.

RS-232 configuration is as follows:

  • Data bits: 8-bit
  • Stop bits: 1-bit
  • Parity: none

 To set up the baud rate

Step 1. Press the [Meas] or [Setup] key

Step 2. Press the [SYSTEM] bottom soft key.

Step 3. Use the cursor key to select [BAUD] field

Step 4. Use the soft keys to select baud rate.

Soft key


115200 Recommended, system default

USB-Serial interface:

The USB-Serial Interface is used to connect the device via USB port to the PC. The device can be controlled using USB port.

Installing USB-Serial drivers on Windows XP:

  • Install the USB-Serial driver before using USB-Serial Interface.
  • Connect the USB-Serial Interface to the USB port on the PC.
  • Windows XP launch the window “Found New Hardware Wizard”
  • Select “No not this time” option and click “Next” to proceed for installation.
  • Select the option “Install from a list or specific location (Advanced)” and then click “Next”.
  • Select the option “Search for the best driver in these location” and browse the location by clicking browse button. Once the file path selected, click next to proceed.
  • Completing the Found New hardware Wizard.
  • Click “Finish” to complete the installation for the first port of the device.
  • The “Found New hardware Wizard will continue by installing the USB-Serial Converter driver for the second port of the device.
  • Open the Device Manager(located in “Control PanelSystem” then Select the “Hardware” tab and click “Device Manager”) and select “View > Devices by connection”, the device appears as a USB Serial Converter” with an additional COM port with the label “USB Serial Port”.
  • Figure shows the USB Serial Port.

SCPI Language:

Standard commands for programmable Instruments (SCPI) is fully supported by the RS-232 interface.

Command Structure:

LCR meter commands are divided into two types:

  • Common commands
  • SCPI commands

Common commands are common for all devices. SCPI commands are used to control the each LCR meter functions. The SCPI commands are represented using tree structure in three levels. The highest level commands are called the subsystem commands and the lower level commands are legal only when the subsystem commands have been selected.

Colon (:) A colon is used to separate the higher level commands and the lower level commands.

Semicolon (;) A semicolon is used to separate two commands in the same message and it does not change the current path.

Command Tree Example:

All commands follow the functional command order.

  • DISPlay Subsystem
  • FUNCtion Subsystem
  • FREQuency Subsystem
  • VOLTage Subsystem
  • APERture Subsystem
  • FETCh Subsystem
  • COMParator Subsystem
  • LIST Subsystem
  • CORRection Subsystem
  • TRIGger Subsystem
  • BIAS Subsystem
  • FILE Subsystem
  • ERRor Subsystem

Common Command:

  • *TRG
  • *IDN?
  • *SAV
  • *RCL

Each subsystem command is patterned as follows.

  1. Subsystem command name
  2. Command Tree (Subsystem command only)
  3. Compound Command Name
  4. Command Description
  5. Command Syntax
  6. Example Using the Above Command Syntax
  7. Query Syntax
  8. Query Response
  9. Example Using the Above Query Syntax
  10. Constraints

 How to remove the handle




There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “LCR Meter with 5 Terminals (Automatic Selection)”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *